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Acts of violence and killings committed against the Tutsi during the liberation war: arrests and imprisonment of the Tutsi on allegations of accomplices of RPF-Inkotanyi since 1990

As shown by the study conducted by the National Commission for the Fight against Genocide (CNLG) on the history of the Genocide against the Tutsi in the former Cyangugu Prefecture, after the farce in Kigali in the night of 4-5th October 1990, there followed arrests of Tutsi across the country; they started from intellectuals, businessmen and others, they were imprisoned on allegations of being accomplices of RPF-Inkotanyi.

 In the former Cyangugu Prefecture, Tutsi were abducted in their   communes of residence, imprisoned in the communal dungeons and later transferred to Cyangugu prison. Those imprisoned were arrested due to false allegations that they would be collaborators of RPF-Inkotanyi, that they communicated with them and that they would have sent their children in the RPF’s military wing among others.

Arrests and imprisonment of the Tutsi on allegations that they would be were carried out in all the communes of Cyangugu Prefecture.

 In general, arresting and imprisonment of the Tutsi on allegations that they would be accomplices of RPF-Inkotanyi was in plans of authorities. This is expressed in the minutes of the meeting of November 28, 1990, which the Prefect of Cyangugu hed with residents of Bugarama. He explained that since October 1, 1990, Rwanda war in the war against the enemy that attacked from Uganda. The prefect explained that even though the president had done whatever possible to win the war by soliciting aid from friend countries including France, Zaire and Belgium, the war persisted because the enemy had accomplices in Rwanda including some soldiers. He also thanked the citizens for their contribution in supporting the army, establishing night patrols and road blocks and the fact that those found to be accomplices of enemy had been handed to authorities.


After those arrested on allegations of being accomplices of the RPF-Inkotanyi had been put in the dungeons of the communes and at the prefectural authorities, some of them had the chance to be released while others were released due to the N’Selé accords.