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20.04.2017 12:13 Age: 120 days

Important sites of massacres of Tutsi in different areas of Rwanda on 20th April 1994 and RPA military operations to stop the Genocide

·        Over 76 Tutsi of the Basinga clan in Kagarama in Bweramana, Ruhango were killed and thrown into pit latrines.

·        The Tutsi of Gitisi in the clan of Abahenda were killed at the beginning of the Genocide in Ruhango.  

·        The Tutsi who had fled to the commune of Karambo (Kibumbwe) were massacred by Interamwe and Hutu civilians. Those who had survived that day were all killed on 23rd April 1994. 


·        The killing Tutsi who had fled to the parish of Mugombwa in Butare started.  In the church were the Tutsi from across the commune of Muganza, the commune of Nyaruhengeri, and the Tutsi who dwelt near the stream of Kabogobogo.  In the church of catholic parish of Mugombwa, father TITIANO, an Italian who was the priest of the parish enclosed the Tutsi within the church and summoned the bourgumestre to assure their security. Father TITIANO, then left for good until now. When Interahamwe and government troops arrived there, they shot and threw grenades at the doors of the church to open, and then after brought petrol and burnt those Tutsi refugees.    Of the over 26,700 Tutsi who were in the church, only five survived.


The massacres in the area were led by Elie Ndayambaje who was the bourgumestre of the commune of Muganza, Viateur Singirankabo who was the sector leader (Conseiller), Rwakaronkano who was a cell leaser (Responsable), Petero Bigirimana who was among the cell steering committee (umusrire), Yohani Mukundiye who was the head of Interahamwe, Antoine Kabiligi, Célestin Habiyambere, Emmanuel Mbarushimana, Theobald Munyaneza among others.


 Burundian refugees who encamped in the cell of Saga in the Sector of Mugombwa in collaboration with Interahamwe and government troops killed the Tutsi of Mugombwa.

Prefect Col. Alphonse Nteziryayo, a native of Mugombwa held a meeting at the parish of Mugombwa and told the people that “when you hoard the ash it later becomes a mound” explaining that those who were still hiding the Tutsi should kill them.  With this order, the Tutsi who had been hidden by Hutu colleagues and children who had been masquerading among their Hutu colleagues were all hunt, gathered and killed. This happened in the end of June as RPF troops captured this area. The Genocide in this area was stopped on 4th July 1994 when RPF troops captured Butare. 

·        The Tutsi who had not fled to the commune of Mugombwa were gathered at the commune of Kibayi and killed. It is currently in the sector of Mukindi in Gisagara.   

·        From 20th to 25th April 1994, the Tutsi who had fled to the hill of Nyamiyaga, currently in Rwabicuma sector, Nyanza district were killed by the gendarmes as they had resisted against Interahamwe.   

·        The UN Security Council voted for resolution 920 to reduce the UNAMIR troops from 2500 to 270. 

·        There were massacres of Tutsi in Gisenyi (Nshili-Busanze) in Gikongoro, currently in Nyaruguru district. 

·        There were massacres of the Tutsi of Kigenge in Giheke (Cyangugu)